Nebraska Supreme Court ends beer sales at border of dry Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota
September 29, 2017
LINCOLN, Neb. — Four Nebraska beer stores criticized for selling millions of cans each year next to an American Indian reservation where alcohol is banned will remain closed after the state Supreme Court on Friday rejected their appeal.
The court thwarted the last-ditch effort to resume beer sales in Whiteclay, Nebraska, a tiny village on the border of South Dakota’s Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. The ruling upholds an April decision by state regulators not to renew the stores’ licenses amid criticism that the area lacks adequate law enforcement.
The Pine Ridge Indian Reservation is plagued by a litany of alcohol-related problems, including high rates of fetal alcohol syndrome, and activists complain that Whiteclay fuels those issues. The four stores — in a village with just nine residents — had sold the equivalent of about 3.5 million cans of beer annually.
Whiteclay has also served for decades as a remote hangout for people to panhandle, loiter, fight and pass out on sidewalks. Its residents rely on a county sheriff’s office 23 miles (37 kilometers) away for law enforcement.
“Today’s Nebraska Supreme Court decision means that the shame of Whiteclay is over,” said Dave Domina, an Omaha attorney for local residents who protested the liquor licenses. “It also means huge rocks have been removed from the road to recovery for many of the Oglala Lakota Sioux Nation and the Pine Ridge Reservation.”
The court rejected the retailers’ appeal on a technicality, arguing that they failed to include all “parties of record” when they asked a district court to review the Nebraska Liquor Control Commission’s decision. The justices ruled that they couldn’t review the case because the district court didn’t have proper jurisdiction.
“Our decision today does not address the merits of the parties’ respective positions, but rests solely on jurisdictional grounds,” the court said in its opinion.
An attorney for the four stores did not immediately return phone messages Friday. A phone call to the Oglala Lakota Nation’s main government office rang unanswered.
Batt, the Nebraska Liquor Control Commission’s chairman, said commissioners won’t likely approve any new liquor licenses in the area anytime soon.
“I’d say the chances of that are zip,” he said.
Nebraska Attorney General Doug Peterson, whose office defended the liquor control commission, said the ruling “affords an opportunity to write a hopeful chapter in the story of Whiteclay.”
Some residents in rural Sheridan County, which includes Whiteclay, said they were concerned that closing the stores could lead to an influx of drunken drivers on Nebraska roads. Authorities have reported a slight uptick in alcohol-related crashes but said it’s too early to call it a trend or to blame the closure of the stores.
“Yes, the Whiteclay stores are closed now, but there’s still drinking that’s happening,” said Rushville Mayor Chris Heiser, who opposed the decision to shutter the retailers. “I just can’t believe that in America these days, the government can come in and shut you down like that.”
John Maisch, a former Oklahoma alcohol regulator who produced a documentary on Whiteclay and fought to close the stores, said he was “elated” with the court’s ruling on Friday but noted that many adults and children will continue to suffer for decades with the effects of fetal alcohol syndrome. With the stores closed, he said he would turn his attention to working with local Pine Ridge residents on treatment centers for fetal alcohol syndrome and substance abuse.
“There’s still a lot of work that needs to be done,” Maisch said.
This Oct. 20, 2016 photo shows a view of Whiteclay, Neb. from the south looking north, on Route 87 in Whiteclay, Neb. The Nebraska Supreme Court rejected a last-ditch effort to resume beer sales in the tiny village next to an American Indian reservation in South Dakota that is plagued by alcohol problems. The court's ruling upholds an April decision by state regulators not to renew the licenses of four beer stores in Whiteclay, Nebraska.
Sonny Skyhawk, a Rosebud Sioux tribe member and actor who lobbied Nebraska lawmakers to close the stores, said the ruling would help curb the “liquid genocide” that has taken place for more than a century.
Whiteclay was originally part of a 10-mile-wide, 5-mile-deep buffer zone created in 1889 to protect the reservation from whiskey peddlers. President Theodore Roosevelt returned all but one square mile of the land to the public domain in 1904, and alcohol merchants flocked to the area.
“We’ll never be able to undo and replace the suffering of people who have encountered alcoholism due to Whiteclay,” Skyhawk said. “It devastated families from time immemorial. In fact, to this day, you can still feel the repercussions of alcohol on Pine Ridge.”